Using a single Z/IP One to feed several

Updated 3 weeks ago by Bryan Jones

SCOPE

This document applies to the Telos Z/IP One. Specifically, using a single Z/IP One to send to multiple Z/IP One units.

THE QUESTION

We are often asked, "Can I use a single Z/IP ONE to feed to several other Z/IP ONE units?"

Yes, this is possible. However, it is not particularly desirable.

FIRST, SOME THOUGHTS BEFORE WE GET TO CONFIGURATION

To do this "one to several" operation, you will merely be pushing an RTP stream to each of the receiving units. Each of the receiving Z/IP ONEs *must* have;

  • A static IP address.
  • The network's firewall configured to allow port forwarding on a selected port number.

When you use this method, you give up ALL of the intelligent operational features of the Z/IP ONE. In other words, doing this style of "one to several" takes the Z/IP ONE down to the level of its basic competitors - competitors that have no intelligent connection management.

Most broadcasters who need to feed to several sites will employ a Z/IP ONE at each end, giving them a one-to-one relationship. In this scenario, you don't need to depend on a static IP address at either end. You generally don't have to do port forwarding at the routers. Most importantly, you get all the benefits of the Z/IP ONEs' built-in dynamic connection management;

  • Automatic buffer-size adjustment
  • Automatic bit rate adjustment

Both of these keep audio flowing under many packet-loss conditions. You get the best use of your available bandwidth instead of having to settle for adjusting your sending unit for the worst-case scenario.

I hope the preceding makes clear the downside of pushing "one to several," and the upside of the "one-to-one" scenario.

CONFIGURATION

For purposes of this example, we will be using the Web interface. Connection is also possible using the front panel.

  1. Log in to the web page of your Z/IP One.
  2. From the menu on the Left side, click on Connect.
  3. On the Connect page, click on the Manual tab
  4. From the Protocol drop down, select RTP
  1. Enter the Address (the IP Address) and Port of the first unit you want to connect.
  2. Click the Connect button.
  3. Repeat steps 5 and 6 for EACH Z/IP One you want to connect.
Because this is a PUSH configuration there is no connection status from the other end. Therefore there is none shown on the SENDING unit.
Also note in the one-to-several scenario, that if an RTP stream stops (and it shouldn't ever), you must manually stop and then restart all streams. In the case of one-to-one, you can set the connection to "re-connect" automatically, making this the better choice.

FINAL THOUGHTS

In the one-to-several scenario, you can receive return audio from only one of the sites to which you're sending. In the one-to-one scenario, you can receive "confirmation" audio (or whatever audio you want to hear) from the remote site, from *each* site.

LET US KNOW HOW WE CAN HELP

If you have further questions on this topic or have ideas about how we can improve this document, please contact us.


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